In the "SME Robotization Barometer" survey, 862 companies from Poland, Czech Republic, Romania and Hungary have spoken.
- Nearly 40% of domestic companies planning to buy machines want to choose cobots.
- 34.2% think that production processes in their plants cannot be roboticised.
- The motivation for changes are higher productivity and lower production costs.
22.7% of small and medium sized production companies in Poland use industrial machinery and 33.7% plan to robotize within 3 years. Currently, cobots constitute 1/4 of the equipment used in SMEs, but this may change, as nearly 40% of entrepreneurs intending to automate production want to invest in cooperating robots. The main reason for streamlining production lines is the desire to improve efficiency of operations and reduce costs. Over 70% of respondents believe that machines will serve a greater number of manufactured products, and 68.3% see the devices as a chance to reduce the time elapsing from order to completion. Polish SMEs intend to robotise packaging, machine handling, assembly and handling of goods first. 47% of respondents expect a return on investment in specialized machines within 2 years, more than 20% assume that it may take 3-4 years and 17.6% assume 5 years or more. The authors of the survey asked companies that do not want to introduce robots about the reasons for such a decision. 41% indicate that their production scale does not require automation, 34.2% think that processes cannot be robotic and 25% consider the costs too high.
Comparison with the Czech Republic, Hungary and Romania
According to the declarations of the respondents, Czech SMEs have the highest rate of robotisation (23.3%) and Hungarian SMEs the lowest (11%). Polish entrepreneurs most often plan to robotize, while Hungarians and Romanians are second in this respect (27.6%). As far as the reasons for introducing machines are concerned, the most important thing in all countries is to increase productivity and reduce costs. In Hungary and Romania, the increase in competitiveness and the improvement of production quality are also mentioned. In terms of industries, the Vistula is preferred by manufacturers of paper products, chemicals, metals and machinery. In the Czech Republic, the automation is most needed by manufacturers of food, tobacco, building materials and plastics. The same sectors as in the other two countries were indicated by Hungarian and Romanian industrialists.
300 companies from Poland
The "Small and Medium Enterprises Robotization Barometer" was conducted by telephone on behalf of Universal Robots from November last year to April. It was attended by 196 SMEs from the Czech Republic, 180 from Hungary, 300 from Poland and 186 from Romania.
Source: The Future Industries Platform