The European Commission has published the European Innovation Scoreboard 2020. Poland has recorded a very good growth rate of innovation indicators.
The ranking shows that European innovation performance is growing systematically, once again overtaking the United States. However Europe is still chasing global innovation leaders such as South Korea, Australia and Japan.
Although Poland, as in 2019, took 24th place, it has caught up with most moderate innovators. Importantly, the total innovation index for 2019 was growing much faster in our case and in the group of moderate innovators only Italy 0.019 Spain 0.030 and Cyprus 0.046) recorded a faster pace.
The report notes that Poland over the years 2018-2019 showed strong growth, which led to an overall increase in the efficiency of the innovation system by 13.0 percentage points in comparison with 2012. High (above the EU average) were also evaluated factors such as: population with higher education, innovations not based on R&D, the prevalence of industrial design and employment in fast-growing enterprises.
In the area of creating an innovation-friendly environment, we have not only the best position, but also for two years now, also by far the highest growth rate in the whole EU - notes Deputy Minister Krzysztof Mazur. Both factors taken into account in this category - the broadband network and the search and use of opportunities-driven entrepreneurship - are above the EU average. This development can be associated with intensive support for the development of start-ups in Poland, i.e. an increase in the share of young entrepreneurs who established a company not out of constraint, but out of the desire to develop or earn more in relation to other alternatives - adds the deputy head of MR.
This trend has a positive impact also on the indicator for fast-growing enterprises (130.5%), as well as with significant investments in IT infrastructure.
In some categories, although the total score is still far from the EU average, Poland recorded a high growth:
- Lifelong Learning / Lifelong Learning indicator - increased by 42.5%,
- Public-private co-publications/Common publications of the science sector (public) and companies per million population - increased by 33.4%
- R&D expenditure in the business sector /Private sector expenditure on R&D as % of GDP - increased by 19.4%,
- International scientific co-publications /Publications with at least 1 foreign co-author - increased by 11.1%,
- R&D expenditure in the public sector / Public sector expenditure on R&D as % of GDP - increased by 11.1%.
These increases can be largely combined with legislative changes introduced by the package of Acts on innovation, which, inter alia, introduced more and more willingly used tax reliefs for research and development works, IP Box relief, extensive measures to support the development of the start-up ecosystem (various components of the Start in Poland Programme), the reform of the Patent Office, implementation of the National Broadband Plan or implementation of programmes and measures financed from the Intelligent Development Operational Programme.